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wordpress函数add_submenu_page()用法示例

add_submenu_page( string $parent_slug,  string $page_title,  string $menu_title,  string $capability,  string $menu_slug,  callable $function = '' )

Add a submenu page.


描述

This function takes a capability which will be used to determine whether or not a page is included in the menu.

The function which is hooked in to handle the output of the page must check that the user has the required capability as well.


参数

$parent_slug

(string)
(Required)
The slug name for the parent menu (or the file name of a standard WordPress admin page).

$page_title

(string)
(Required)
The text to be displayed in the title tags of the page when the menu is selected.

$menu_title

(string)
(Required)
The text to be used for the menu.

$capability

(string)
(Required)
The capability required for this menu to be displayed to the user.

$menu_slug

(string)
(Required)
The slug name to refer to this menu by (should be unique for this menu).

$function

(callable)
(Optional)
The function to be called to output the content for this page.

Default value: ”


返回值

(false|string) The resulting page’s hook_suffix, or false if the user does not have the capability required.


源代码

File: wp-admin/includes/plugin.php

function add_submenu_page( $parent_slug, $page_title, $menu_title, $capability, $menu_slug, $function = '' ) {
	global $submenu, $menu, $_wp_real_parent_file, $_wp_submenu_nopriv,
		$_registered_pages, $_parent_pages;

	$menu_slug = plugin_basename( $menu_slug );
	$parent_slug = plugin_basename( $parent_slug);

	if ( isset( $_wp_real_parent_file[$parent_slug] ) )
		$parent_slug = $_wp_real_parent_file[$parent_slug];

	if ( !current_user_can( $capability ) ) {
		$_wp_submenu_nopriv[$parent_slug][$menu_slug] = true;
		return false;
	}

	/*
	 * If the parent doesn't already have a submenu, add a link to the parent
	 * as the first item in the submenu. If the submenu file is the same as the
	 * parent file someone is trying to link back to the parent manually. In
	 * this case, don't automatically add a link back to avoid duplication.
	 */
	if (!isset( $submenu[$parent_slug] ) && $menu_slug != $parent_slug ) {
		foreach ( (array)$menu as $parent_menu ) {
			if ( $parent_menu[2] == $parent_slug && current_user_can( $parent_menu[1] ) )
				$submenu[$parent_slug][] = array_slice( $parent_menu, 0, 4 );
		}
	}

	$submenu[$parent_slug][] = array ( $menu_title, $capability, $menu_slug, $page_title );

	$hookname = get_plugin_page_hookname( $menu_slug, $parent_slug);
	if (!empty ( $function ) && !empty ( $hookname ))
		add_action( $hookname, $function );

	$_registered_pages[$hookname] = true;

	/*
	 * Backward-compatibility for plugins using add_management page.
	 * See wp-admin/admin.php for redirect from edit.php to tools.php
	 */
	if ( 'tools.php' == $parent_slug )
		$_registered_pages[get_plugin_page_hookname( $menu_slug, 'edit.php')] = true;

	// No parent as top level.
	$_parent_pages[$menu_slug] = $parent_slug;

	return $hookname;
}

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More Information

Notes

  • NOTE:If you’re running into the “You do not have sufficient permissions to access this page.” message in a wp_die() screen, then you’ve hooked too early. The hook you should use is admin_menu.
  • For $menu_slug please don’t use __FILE__ it makes for an ugly URL, and is a minor security nuisance.
  • Within the rendering function $function you may want to access parameters you used in add_submenu_page(), such as the $page_title. Typically, these will work:
    • $parent_slug: get_admin_page_parent()
    • $page_title: get_admin_page_title(), or simply global $title
    • $menu_slug: global $plugin_page.
  • This function should normally be hooked in with one of the the admin_menu actions depending on the menu where the sub menu is to appear:
    admin_menu The normal, or site, administration menu
    user_admin_menu The user administration menu
    network_admin_menu The network administration menu

相关函数

Uses

  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    get_plugin_page_hookname()
  • wp-includes/capabilities.php:
    current_user_can()
  • wp-includes/plugin.php:
    plugin_basename()
  • wp-includes/plugin.php:
    add_action()

Used By

  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_management_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_options_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_theme_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_plugins_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_users_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_dashboard_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_posts_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_media_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_links_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_pages_page()
  • wp-admin/includes/plugin.php:
    add_comments_page()
  • wp-admin/menu.php:
    _add_themes_utility_last()
  • wp-includes/post.php:
    _add_post_type_submenus()
  • Show 8 more used by
    Hide more used by


User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note content

    You must log in to vote on the helpfulness of this noteVote results for this note: 25You must log in to vote on the helpfulness of this note

    Contributed by jakeparis

    Slugs for $parent_slug (first parameter)

    Dashboard: ‘index.php’
    Posts: ‘edit.php’
    Media: ‘upload.php’
    Pages: ‘edit.php?post_type=page’
    Comments: ‘edit-comments.php’
    Custom Post Types: ‘edit.php?post_type=your_post_type’
    Appearance: ‘themes.php’
    Plugins: ‘plugins.php’
    Users: ‘users.php’
    Tools: ‘tools.php’
    Settings: ‘options-general.php’
    Network Settings: ‘settings.php’

  2. Inside menu created with add_menu_page()
    If you are attempting to add a submenu page to a menu page created via add_menu_page() the first submenu page will be a duplicate of the parent add_menu_page().

    If you want a submenu page in this scenario, you should first create a duplicate of your add_menu_page() and then add your add_submenu_page():

    
    add_menu_page('My Custom Page', 'My Custom Page', 'manage_options', 'my-top-level-slug');
    add_submenu_page( 'my-top-level-slug', 'My Custom Page', 'My Custom Page',
    	'manage_options', 'my-top-level-slug');
    add_submenu_page( 'my-top-level-slug', 'My Custom Submenu Page', 'My Custom Submenu Page',
    	'manage_options', 'my-secondary-slug');
    
    

    Example

    
    add_action('admin_menu', 'wpdocs_register_my_custom_submenu_page');
    
    function wpdocs_register_my_custom_submenu_page() {
    	add_submenu_page(
    		'tools.php',
    		'My Custom Submenu Page',
    		'My Custom Submenu Page',
    		'manage_options',
    		'my-custom-submenu-page',
    		'wpdocs_my_custom_submenu_page_callback' );
    }
    
    function wpdocs_my_custom_submenu_page_callback() {
    	echo '<div class="wrap"><div id="icon-tools" class="icon32"></div>';
    		echo '<h2>My Custom Submenu Page</h2>';
    	echo '</div>';
    }
    

    To hide your submenu link from a top level menu item to which it belongs you would instead do

    
    add_action('admin_menu', 'wpdocs_register_my_custom_submenu_page');
    
    function wpdocs_register_my_custom_submenu_page() {
    	add_submenu_page( 
    		null,   //or 'options.php'
    		'My Custom Submenu Page',
    		'My Custom Submenu Page',
    		'manage_options',
    		'my-custom-submenu-page',
    		'my_custom_submenu_page_callback',
    	);
    }
    

    Adding a submenu page to a custom post type
    If you want to add a submenu type to a custom post type, such as a reference page for a custom post type created by a plugin, you can use for the $parent_slug parameter whatever you see up top on the “All Posts” view for that post type. For instance, for a custom post type “Book,” the $parent_slug could be 'edit.php?post_type=book'.

    Example:

    
    /**
     * Adds a submenu page under a custom post type parent.
     */
    function books_register_ref_page() {
        add_submenu_page(
            'edit.php?post_type=book',
            __( 'Books Shortcode Reference', 'textdomain' ),
            __( 'Shortcode Reference', 'textdomain' ),
            'manage_options',
            'books-shortcode-ref',
            'books_ref_page_callback'
        );
    }
    
    /**
     * Display callback for the submenu page.
     */
    function books_ref_page_callback() { 
        ?>
        <div class="wrap">
            <h1><?php _e( 'Books Shortcode Reference', 'textdomain' ); ?></h1>
            <p><?php _e( 'Helpful stuff here', 'textdomain' ); ?></p>
        </div>
        <?php
    }
    

    Example submenu with php class

    
    /**
     * Sub menu class
     *
     * @author Mostafa <mostafa.soufi@hotmail.com>
     */
    class Sub_menu {
    
    	/**
    	 * Autoload method
    	 * @return void
    	 */
    	public function __construct() {
    		add_action( 'admin_menu', array(&$this, 'register_sub_menu') );
    	}
    
    	/**
    	 * Register submenu
    	 * @return void
    	 */
    	public function register_sub_menu() {
    		add_submenu_page( 
    			'options-general.php', 'Submenu title', 'Submenu title', 'manage_options', 'submenu-page', array(&$this, 'submenu_page_callback')
    		);
    	}
    
    	/**
    	 * Render submenu
    	 * @return void
    	 */
    	public function submenu_page_callback() {
    		echo '<div class="wrap">';
    		echo '<h2>Submenu title</h2>';
    		echo '</div>';
    	}
    
    }
    
    new Sub_menu();

    To anyone else troubleshooting an unexpected issue with this function, please PAY ATTENTION to the final argument, specifically the $function, it has to be a STRING, the name of the function, not a call to the function itself. Amateur mistake, I know, but sometimes you just make the simplest of errors.

    Bad:

    add_menu_page('My Custom Page', 'My Custom Page', 'manage_options', 'my-top-level-slug', my-output-function());

    Good:

    add_menu_page('My Custom Page', 'My Custom Page', 'manage_options', 'my-top-level-slug', 'my-output-function');

    When working with the Classes, You can add_submenu_page by following Make sure the callable is static function.

    
    add_submenu_page( 'admin_menu', 'Custom Menu', 'My Custom Menu', 'manage_options', 'my-custom-menu', __CLASS__ .'::menu_page_output' );
    
    public menu_page_output() {
    	//Menu Page output code
    }
    

    Parent slugs like ‘tools.php’ can be found in the old doc https://codex.wordpress.org/Function_Reference/add_submenu_page#Parameters

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